American aviation pioneers, such as Rufus Porter and Frederick Marriott, attempted to start airlines using airships in the mid 19th century, focusing on the New York – California route. Those attempts floundered due to rather infamous mishaps such as airships catching fire and aircrafts being ripped apart in front of spectators. Delag Deutsche Luftschiffahrts-Aktiengesellschaft was the world's first airline. It was founded on November 16, 1909 with government assistance. It operated airships manufactured by The Zeppelin Corporation. Its headquarters were in Frankfurt. The four oldest non-dirigible airlines that still exist are Netherlands' KLM, Colombia's Avianca, Australia's Qantas, and the Czech Republic's Czech Airlines. KLM first flew in May 1910, while Qantas (which stands for Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited) was founded in Queensland, Australia, in late 1910.
Aviation (Airline Industry)
It is important to understand that for commercial transport aircraft manufacturers, the customers are the airlines. For business aircraft, military aircraft, and recreational aircraft, the market behaves quite differently. The airline provides air transport services for travelling passengers and/or freight. Airlines vary from those with a single aircraft carrying mail or cargo, through to full-service international airlines operating hundreds of aircrafts. The airline services are categorized as being intercontinental, intra-continental, domestic, regional, or international, and all are operated as scheduled services or charters.
Air travel is still a large and growing industry. It facilitates economic growth, world trade, international investment and tourism and is therefore central to the globalization taking place in many other industries. Governments in developing countries quickly realized the benefits of tourism to their national economies and encouraged the development of resorts and infrastructure to entice tourists from the prosperous countries in Western Europe and North America. As the economies of developing countries grow, their own citizens are already becoming the new international tourists of the future.
Business travel has also grown, as companies become increasingly international in terms of their investments. Their supply and production chains are their customers. The rapid growths of world trade in goods and services and international direct investment have also contributed to growth in business travel. For Aviation to meet the requirements of their increasingly discerning customers, Premier Gold Aviation is investing heavily in the quality of service that they offer, both on the ground and in the air. Ticket-less travel, new interactive entertainment systems, and more comfortable seating are just some of the product enhancements being introduced to attract and retain customers.
A number of factors are forcing Aviation to become more efficient. In order to appeal to prospective shareholders, Aviation has become more efficient and competitive. Aviation airline industry has preceded along the path towards globalization and consolidation - characteristics associated with the normal development of many other industries. It has done this through the establishment of alliances and partnerships between airlines, linking their networks to expand access to their customers. Hundreds of airlines have entered into alliances, ranging from marketing agreements and code-shares to franchises and equity transfers. The outlook for the air travel industry is one of strong growth. Even though the future will hold many challenges, successful airlines will be those that continue to tackle their costs and improve their products, thereby securing a strong presence in the key world of aviation markets.
Commercial Aviation is the part of our civil aviation (both general aviation and scheduled airline service) that involves operating aircraft for hire to transport passengers or cargo. Private Aviation is the part of civil aviation that does not include flying for hire. In most countries, private flights are always general aviation flights and are to share the joys and convenience of general aviation with friends and family.
Airports are locations where aircraft such as fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, and blimps can take off and land. All aircraft are stored or maintained at our airports. Airports consist of surfaces such as a runway for planes to take off and land, a helipad, or water for take-offs and landings, and include buildings such as control towers, hangars and terminal buildings. Our larger airports have fixed base operator services, seaplane docks and ramps, air traffic control, passenger facilities such as restaurants and lounges, and emergency services.
Most of our major airports provide commercial outlets for products and services. These include clothing boutiques and restaurants. Some of our airport structures include on-site hotels built within or attached to a terminal building. Our Airport hotels have grown popular due to their convenience for transient passengers with easy accessibility to the airport terminal. Many of our airport hotels also have agreements with the airlines to provide overnight lodging for displaced passengers.
The premium and VIP services includes express check-in, dedicated check-in counters, separate departures and/or an arrivals lounge, priority boarding, separate air bridges, and priority baggage handling. These services are usually reserved for First and Business class passengers, premium frequent flyers, and members of the airline's clubs. The Airline lounges frequently offer free or reduced cost food, as well as alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. The lounges themselves typically have seating, showers, quiet areas, televisions, computers, Wi-Fi, internet access, and power outlets that passengers may use for their electronic equipment. Some of our airline lounges employ barristers, bartenders and gourmet chefs. Airlines also operate multiple lounges within the one airport terminal allowing ultra premium customers, such as first class customers, additional services, which are not available to other premium customers. Multiple lounges also prevent overcrowding of the lounge facilities.
Cargo and freight services
In addition to people, Airports also move cargo around the clock. Cargo airlines have their own on-site and adjacent infrastructure to transfer parcels between ground and air. International airports also have areas where export cargo has to be stored after customs clearance and prior to loading on the aircraft. Similarly, import cargo that is offloaded must be inbound before the consignee decides to take delivery. Areas have to be kept aside for examination of export and import cargo by the airport authorities. Designated areas, or sheds, are given to other airlines or freight forward ring agencies. Every cargo terminal has a land-side and an air-side. The land-side is where the exporters and importers, through either their agents or by themselves, deliver or collect shipments while the air-side is where loads are moved to or from the aircraft. In addition, our cargo terminals are divided into distinct areas - export, import and interline or transshipment.
Aircraft maintenance, pilot services, aircraft rental, and hangar rental are most often performed by a fixed base operator (FBO). At our major airports, particularly those used as hubs, our airlines operate their own support facilities.
Many of our large airports are located near railway routes for seamless connection of multi-model transport. It is also common to connect an airport and a city with rapid transit, light rail lines or other non-road public transport systems. Such a connection lowers risk of missed flights due to traffic congestion. Our larger airports usually have access also through controlled-access highways (free-ways or motorways) from which motor vehicles enter either the departure loop or the arrival loop.